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8 Scientific Reasons Why Vegan Men Are More Manly

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It’s common for men to believe that meat makes us manly. Salads and smoothies are fine for the ladies, but grilling juicy steaks is just part of being a guy… or so we’re taught.

I’d suspect that this stereotype is a huge hurdle for a lot of men who would otherwise like to explore a vegetarian diet. Even in my own life, I bought into the “meat is manly” idea just like the next guy. When I first went vegan many years ago, I felt embarrassed to order a veggie burrito at Chipotle for the first time, as if people would laugh at me or something. I realized that was insane pretty quickly, but it is nevertheless a real challenge for most men.

Even now, I am still one of the few male vegan food bloggers and a full 90% of my audience is female. Hmm…

Here’s the good news: the stereotype is complete BS. While it exists in the heads of men everywhere, the data tells a different story. A 2011 poll found that 3% of American men reported “Never eating meat, fish, poultry, dairy, eggs” while just 2% of women reported the same. In other words, even accounting for a margin of error, there are at least as many vegan men as women. The difference is that men are not as vocal about this dietary choice because it’s not as acceptable for us.

I think that’s nonsense. Clearly, men are a growing part of the vegan population, and it’s hardly making us less masculine. I can prove it. Here’s the science that shows how a vegan diet can actually make a man more manly:

1. Vegan Men Have Higher Levels of Testosterone

If there is one scientific way to measure a man’s manliness, it would surely be testosterone – the hormone that literally defines masculinity. Men might assume that their testosterone levels would plummet by eating nothing but plants, but that’s just the stereotype at work again. A British Journal of Cancer study of 696 men (233 of whom were vegans) concluded this: “Vegans had 13% higher T [testosterone] concentration than meat-eaters and 8% higher than vegetarians.” Not only did vegan men have as much testosterone as meat eaters, they actually have 13% MORE of this manly hormone. On the flip side, too much testosterone can be a bad thing because it leads to higher levels of IGF-I – a risk factor for certain cancers. Surprisingly, the report also found this: “Vegan men had on average 9% lower IGF-I levels than meat-eaters.” A big boost in T and added protection against IGF-I? Win and win.

2. Vegan Men Have a More Attractive Scent

Take a group of 17 guys, put them all on a standard high-meat diet for two weeks and have a group of women rate the attractiveness of their scent. Record those results, then have the men switch to a vegetarian diet for two weeks and have the same women rate them again. Researchers in Prague did exactly that and the results were significant (see this chart below – grey bars on the vegetarian diet). The women rated the vegetarians as smelling considerably more pleasant, more attractive and less intense.

F2.medium

3. Vegan Men Are More Fit

In this era of the super-sized epidemic, obesity isn’t attractive on anyone. Maintaining a healthy bodyweight is a guaranteed way to look better and feel more confident. It turns out, vegans are the only group successfully doing this. After comparing the BMI of vegans, several types of vegetarians, and meat eaters, all categories were at the “overweight” level except vegans. On a whole-food, plant-based diet (like my One Ingredient Diet), dropping extra pounds is almost automatic, even without any other changes. And what about the notion that vegan guys are scrawny? I’d think Brad Pitt and Jared Leto and Mike Tyson (all vegan) would have put an end to that discussion by now…

4. Vegan Men Have Glowing Skin

Granted, a glowing complexion might not be what every man dreams about having, but women find it more attractive. Studies have shown that the more yellow a person’s skin tone, the more attractive they’re rated by the opposite sex. “The healthy appearance of skin yellowness may be attributable to dietary carotenoid deposition in the skin.” It’s only a diet high in fresh fruits and vegetables (i.e. a vegan diet) that leads to higher levels of these glowing carotenoids. See: http://nutritionfacts.org/video/golden-glow/

5. Vegan Men Are Compassionate Leaders

Real men lead with personal action when others are standing on the sidelines. Right now, there are few choices that can have a more positive impact on our personal lives and the world around us than adopting a vegan diet. Taking a compassionate stand against sickening animal cruelty is manly. Preserving our environment is manly. Improving our health and the health of our families is manly. But eating fast food burgers because that’s what the TV commercials tell us to do? Not so manly.

6. Vegan Men Can Cook

I’ve never met a lady who isn’t attracted to guys who can cook. While going vegan doesn’t directly result in cooking skills, it encourages people to cook for themselves more frequently. Most cities don’t have endless vegan restaurant options and preparing your own meals at home is often a necessity. That was the case for me. After I went vegan, I fell in love with cooking (which turned out well). I hear this from others too – going vegan doesn’t restrict your diet, it expands it. You go down new supermarket aisles and try new foods that you never considered before. You learn new cooking techniques. Food takes on a much larger and more positive role in your life. And if you need some help cooking delicious vegan meals, I know just the guy. πŸ˜‰

7. Vegan Men Have Less Erectile Dysfunction

Oh yes, we’re going there. ED isn’t just an embarrassing condition, it’s a deadly one. In the vast majority of cases, erectile dysfunction is a direct symptom of heart disease (our nation’s number one killer). As mentioned by Dr. Greger in his, ahem, ‘Survival of the Firmest’ video clip, “Erectile dysfunction and coronary artery disease are just two manifestations of the same disease: inflamed, clogged, and crippled arteries.” And also, “men over 40 who experience ED have a 50x (5,000%!!) risk of having a cardiac event.” Of course, a plant-based diet is the single most effective step to preventing and reversing heart disease (and, therefore, erectile disfunction as well).

8. Vegan Men Live Longer

Finally, what could be more manly than being alive and healthy to care for your family? Diet-related diseases are thieves that steal our quality of life and ultimately kill us prematurely – first taking away our ability to play alongside our grandchildren and ultimately taking us out of their lives altogether. The science is consistent on this point – vegans live longer. Studies often show 7-8 years of additional life, and at least 12% reduction in mortality from any cause over the same period of time as compared to meat eaters. These effects are valid for both genders, but are seen even more strongly in men.

So guys, isn’t it about time for us to move past this silly stereotype and embrace the positive benefits that men can experience on a plant-based diet?

78 Comments

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    • Yes! Brian is my Instagram homie. I was actually thinking of fitting him into this post somehow, given how sexy he is and all. πŸ™‚ Thanks, Erin!

  1. Great article Andrew, this world needs more men as role models of meat-free, dairy-free lifestyles. I agree that it takes more masculinity to be vegan than not. A man of vegetables is also one who clearly uses his brain, and sometimes that is the most attractive thing of all.

  2. Thank you for this article, love it! I think the point with the scent is so true! In fact i haven’t met any vegan who would smell.. Coincidence? I don’t think so πŸ™‚

  3. I just found your blog. Interesting article! But what came to mind immediately is: If a vegan diet makes a man more manly, then does it make a woman more manly too? Lol πŸ˜‰

  4. Hi Andrew,

    I just want you to know that you are not the only male blogger talking about a plant-based diet. I do so myself at http://www.finallyourtime.com, which can also be accessed from my website on eating a whole foods, plant-based diet. I recently did an article myself titled, “Manly Men Eat Veggies…Lots and Lots of Veggies.”

    Like you, most of my readers and followers are women. Maybe one of these days we can change that. I hope so. It’s so important, not just for our own health, but also for the health of the planet and the health of our economy. What we put in our mouths has a significant effect on the world around us and not just on our own bodies.

    • Hey Jim, that’s awesome! I love your site. It’s so great to hear that there are other men out there sharing this message.

  5. Hi Andrew, tks for writing this insightful article. Heres another addition to your group of “multi talented”male vegan, fans grp.

    • That’s fantastic! I hadn’t seen his site before. It’s so great to see all these comments and know I’m not the only one out here :p

  6. I don’t know any vegans personally, but I have a few friends that are vegetarian or pescitarian. And they are all female. πŸ˜›

    I don’t know if I could go completely vegan myself, Interesting article, by the way. however I am making a conscious effort to incorporate more whole foods into my diet. I’ve noticed I don’t crave processed foods as much as I used to.

    I’ll be honest, I used to poke fun at vegans and vegetarians, thinking they were crazy for giving up meat. Lol.

    Thanks for the interesting article!

  7. Thanks for the great article, Andrew! I’ve never thought vegan men are less manly! But I’ve never thought men who are poetic, artistic, creative, not interested in sports, or any other men who don’t align exactly with American stereotypes are less manly! Let’s all try to be the best versions of ourselves and not who society says we’re supposed to be!

  8. Great post! You vegan guys are amazing, and you are not alone! My partner Tom is actually the person who inspired me to go vegetarian, and then we went vegan together a year after that. And, yes, he definitely has that golden glow!! πŸ™‚

  9. as a vegan male myself lets just say wow do I feel 100X better than I did when I ate meat. It doesnt compare I just feel alot better, and unlike my over weight meat eating friends I look the same and don’t gain weight

  10. I have enjoyed being vegan for 3.5 years. Although l started as a vegetarian back in 2006. And now at 60 young years l feel great. I love the greens and organic fresh fruit. I feel more enrgized. My compassion has increased and my cholesterol decreased. What can I say, I married a wonderful person, also vegan, that supports me as I do her. All 8 above apply to me. Ask the wife, lol. But more than all this, being vegan is all about the animals. We must do all we can to end their suffering and needless killing. I am proud to standup for them and I have no fear of repercussion from those that have no clue. It’s my job to be their voice. And if I go to a restaurant, which I detest for health reasons, I am not shy about have a Big salad or a plate of streamed veggies. I avoid fast food. It’s better to find a grocery store. Go Vegan bros. It will make a better man of you.

  11. Wow. Never thought I’d be contemplating going 100% vegan. Great article. Really looking forward to reclaiming more of my health and energy by living this way. I too was have been in the boat of thinking vegans were weak people, but it really takes a strong person to go against cultural norms.

    • Hey Keith! I’m so glad to hear that πŸ™‚ Trying out a plant-based diet can be such a positive step for so many reasons. It’s not even about weak vs. strong, just doing what makes the most sense for yourself and everything else. If you have any questions or anything, feel free to get in touch.

  12. A very nice and insightful post, it was a really good read. I would add that it also takes courage, responsibility and discipline to be a vegan, all of which are thought to be masculine characteristics.

  13. This article seems to do what many articles about fitness and health are characteristic of doing and that is extrapolating everything from one poorly done study. I only examined the first article linked (the testosterone one) and it has serious flaws. The difference between groups at baseline is different enough to make the conclusions pointless. If the meat eater group is baseline fatter and older the probability of lower testosterone could easily be from that alone. It fails to examine the vegan diet in the context of two identical healthy males of the same age.

    • I agree. I have too many complaints from women about their young vegan man having ED problems. It seems to be more an emotional issue rather than diet. I would love if the studies were true.

  14. That first article made interesting measurements with a sample set that ruined any reliability on their affirmations…

    Probably they actually got those values, but the age difference between groups is way too big; meat-eaters were, on average 10 yrs older, you can’t compare the hormone levels reliably.

    With the given age difference the study might actually point in the opposite direction, but even that we can’t tell… you can’t says much when the other side consists of fatter and older men.

  15. I agree with everything on here, but I’d like to hear what you have to say on the recent study that links much lower sperm counts in vegan and vegetarian men than their omnivore counterparts.

  16. I don’t eat any animal anymore for this reason…….(No beef, no pork, no chicken, no fish, no egg, no dairy)…..I refuse to kill an animal for my plate……But, what is interesting that since I have been on this no meat diet for 8 months now…..(I eat only Organic, non-GMO fruits and vegetables)……I have more energy and don’t feel like crap all the time. Most people don’t even realize that it takes days to digest completely meat because it decays in your colon like road kill on the street but, with bile to help the process along. But, it only takes hours to digest fruits and vegetables. And cancers do not come from fruits and vegetables they come from MEAT……So, do yourself a favor and try a no meat diet for a month or 2 and see the difference. Your animal friends will thank you for it too

    • “Cancer comes from meat” is a falsehood. Some meats, like processed meats, have been proven to slightly raise your risk of cancer but the risk of cancer is still there. On average, vegans live a few years longer than meat eaters – this article says up to 8 –
      but they’re still going to die of the same things – heart disease, cancer, stroke, etc. Diet is only 30% of disease prevention and no matter what people eat or how much they exercise, everyone is still going to die.

  17. Actually, the study states that vegan men have higher sex-hormone binding globulin (SHBG) which binds to testosterone and prevents it actions. They assumed this increase caused vegan men to produce more testosterone to make up for the increase in SHBG. Therefore, in the end, the vegan men had insignificant differences in free testosterone (the form of testosterone not bound to SHBG which has effects on the body) compared to meat eaters. However, vegans did have a very slight increase in free testosterone (vegans FT: 44; vegetarian: 43; meat eaters: 42 (nmol/l) after controlling for BMI). Also, I would like to point out that reduced IGF-1 is not always a good thing. I have seen studies where IGF-1 concentrations correlates with IQ in 8 and 9 year olds and have heard that vegetarians (lacto-ovo) experience an increase in IQ while vegans experience no change or even a decrease.

  18. As a vegan male lets just say i feel alot better than I did when I ate meat two to three times a week. No comparison I just feel alot better

  19. My boyfriend who went VEGAN WITH me 90 days ago, posted this article… Also an Andrew, I might add. I am so glad you wrote this, I’m sure for him this helped cement his decision to go on this journey with me. Thank you for writing about your experiences!

  20. Great article! I’ve been wanting to go vegetarian (I know, not quite vegan) for a while now, and this helped give me the reassurance that I should. It’s great that you’re so vocal about your beliefs. Keep rockin’ it!

  21. Thank You for this awesome article it definitely gets peoples attention I love having an opportunity to share it! I had been vegan for years then finally this year My husband went vegan and shortly after I found this article, everything you say is the truth. He was already a really amazing man to begin with but he, just overall got even more amazing, He is so compassionate and empathetic and so healthy strong and sexy, He does smell so much better and we dont worry like we used to about His health and the what ifs that come with eating a animal diet…….. our sex life went to a whole other level once he was vegan and so did everything else in our lives. I am grateful everyday for his decision to Go Vegan! & I hope this helps anyone who is on the fence or is interested or thinking about it! DO IT! Dont wait. My husband really does wish he hadnt waited so long! πŸ™‚ Goodluck to you all!!!

  22. Hi Andeew,
    Thank you for this article. I just started being a vegetarian this 2017 ( i consumed dairy and eggs in January but i dropped dairy starting February and soon i’ll go full Vegan). It is really difficult for me this time. I worked in a restaurant chain in the Philippines and we’ve been opening restaurants since last year which means food tasting, food tasting and food tasting. Some of my co-workers know that im a vegetarian but my boss just recently knew im vegetarian. Their reaction was like “why do you have to diet, you’re skinny already” and i cant respond to them. Im 5’11” and i’ve been skinny ny entire life. As a guy, who work in a restaurant business and being here in our country, being vegetarian is unusual. My friends are slowly accepting my new lifestyle but they think its boring to have lunch or dinner with me i wish they could watch the documentary EARTHLINGS. I see and feel the change in my body when i switched to vegetarian. I used to have acne now my face is slowly clearing out and less breakouts especially when i quit dairy. Thank you for crafting this article and making us feel MANLY. Im going Vegan soon because of this article.

  23. I don’t think you understand how testosterone works…

    #1- According to the British Journal of Cancer study you cited (conducted over 17 years ago): “Vegans had higher testosterone levels than vegetarians and meat-eaters, but this was offset by higher sex hormone binding globulin, and there were no differences between diet groups in free testosterone, androstanediol glucuronide or luteinizing hormone.”

    Testosterone and the much more potent DHT, bound to SHBG are unusable. Older men with levels of SHBG 2-3x higher than normal are going through a process called “andropause”, the male version of menopause. Vegans have higher SHBG. Not manly. How do you lower SHBG? Animal proteins, fish oil, dietary fats, stinging nettles, and DHEA to name a few. All things used to build muscle.

    #2- The scent study done in Prague used just 17 test males as “odor donors”. It also completely contradicts your article: “We found a significant positive correlation between odor intensity and masculinity. This phenomenon is consistent with earlier findings on gender discrimination by smell. Doty and colleagues showed that more intense smells are usually judged to be masculine.” Meat stank= JUDGED TO BE MASCULINE.

    Furthermore: “Potentially, our findings may be a result of different energetic (protein) values. In other words, our diet only differed in meat content and therefore in energetic value. Thus, this factor can be responsible for the effect, not the meat per se.”

    #3- If you have 8% bodyfat, BMI can still calssify you as “obese”. BMI is not a measure of physical fitness.

    #4- I was unaware that glowing, radiant skin was manly.

    #5- Hitler was a vegetarian, and staunch animal rights activist. He was also incredibly flamboyant, and never managed to procreate. Manly? Nein!!

    #6- I notice you’re not citing anymore sources lol.

    #7- To be frank I don’t know anything about ED, and don’t have time to look into it today so for arguments sake you can have this one. Personally soy destorys my sex drive, because im allergic to it and break out in hives.

    #8- It’s pretty obvious why vegans live longer in studies. The discipline involved in avoiding every trace animal product spills over into other aspects of their lives. Vegans are less likely to smoke, drink, eat too much junk food, or remain sedentary for long periods of time because the lifestyle itself advocates aggressive micromanagement. The vast majority of vegans are diagnostically Type A Personality/OCD/”phobic”, which if utilized correctly can lead to success at work, an orderly household, and longevity.

    In conclusion, your cited sources actually show that vegan males do not build muscle as quickly (lower IGF-1, lower DHT, higher SBHT), do not smell as intense (like a female), and are therefore less masculine. Pre-industrial revolution, all omnivore males had massive physical/dietary advantages to anyone who chose to only eat plants. Pre-industrial vegans were vegan for one reason, religion. Zen monks actually walk around sweeping the floor clear of bugs in front of them as taking the life of any living thing is strictly forbidden. Sounds pretty OCD to me.

  24. Vegan men are THEE new sexy in my opinion. Total turn on to watch men who love animals. Love to watch youtube vids about guys being sweet to animals, meeting new animals, rescuing animals, talking about being vegan, vegan cooking, I could go on… Sorry, being cruel doesn’t make you a man, it just makes you a dick.

    Jenna Marbles (her bf is another hot vegan) put it well in her “How to talk to animals” video. And I quote Jenna, “There is NO bigger turn on then when I guy has a shameless animal voice. “Hey there Mister doggyyyyy”, “Whats that sound? “The sound of me throwing my underwear across the room.” , “Lets Bang.”

  25. Shocked I will agree with this, but I see a vegan man and YES YES YES in all this blog says. The scent made me laugh cause I told him, recently, he always smells go.

  26. Your testosterone one is cherry picked. From some further research there have been quite a few studies and the majority consensus is that a vegan diet causes a drop in testosterone. Your study itself does not adjust for the fact that the average age of the meat eaters was literally 10 years older. It only adjusts for BMI from what I’ve seen, which a difference of 42 to 52 would easily cause a shift of greater than that percentage in Tesosterone…

    • That may or may not be true, but there’s no reason to say that this study is incorrect. To speculate that the age difference would result in testosterone differences is to do just that – speculate.

      As far as I’ve seen that iS the *only* study involving vegan men and testosterone, which is why I included it. You said there are quite a few others (this was 3 years ago), could you please cite as many as you can find?

      Honestly, I don’t much care about being right here, it doesn’t matter to me if vegan guys have less testosterone. I’m just curious to see the additional research.

      • Are you aware of the term “control group”? By your argument, important factors such as age do not play part in the validity of the findings.

        “To speculate that the age difference would result in testosterone differences is to do just that – speculate.”

        The same goes for speculating that vegans have more testosterone than omnivores, regardless of age difference or physical fitness. The difference is that the former is a valid argument for the limitations of a research paper.

        In order for the paper to provide more concrete proof, it would need to have equal specimens on both sides.

  27. I’ve been vegan for over nine years now. Point to switch to vegan diet from meat eating was easier than I thought, and at first I was dependent of my own cooking which I still enjoy. What is delightful, is that there are many, many restaurants nowadays which serve vegan food and that had made burden of cooking a lot more easier. There are wide variety of ready-to-eat meals (a.k.a. TV dinners or some other name they could be called) too. That is what I enjoy, being hungry as a wolf after work and feeling lazy at the same time is now possible. I even have gained weight, but cholesterol, glucose and salt levels in blood are in their reference values. They were not when I ate animal products. It’s great being a middle-aged, vegan man! πŸ™‚

    • Hi Michael, awesome! I’ve been vegan for 9 years as well and it was obviously a great decision for me too πŸ™‚ I totally agree that it’s much easier these days as restaurants and grocery stores have way more options.

  28. Article written by a vegan for vegans? A lot of the points are backed by “studies” but then again, I always question the source of the studies and what their agenda is. I tried being vegan and only lasted four days. The fact is I felt tired and ill during my time as a vegan. my heart was in the right place but it was affecting my strength, the intensity of my workouts. I was getting headaches and felt tired all the time. I am now careful of what I read. I have vegan friends who warned me about vegan “scientific” articles because a lot of these are exaggerated. I know you guys means well because animals are indeed badly treated. However I love eating meat too much. I feel better for it.
    Peace

    • Okay, I have to throw my two cents in about the testosterone thing… that studied cited appears to me to be at least slightly flawed.

      I didn’t dig super deep into it, but when you look at the details about the Meat Eater, Vegetarian and Vegan sample groups you quickly notice the Meat Eater group is significantly older on average than the each of the other two groups and they also consumed more alcohol as a part of their overall diet.

      Not sure exactly how alcohol intake/energy was measured or if that really shows how much alcohol was consumed frmo group to group as caloric intake is probably different amongst the groups and again, this is a percentage of energy, but these are two things that will contribute significantly to lower T levels.

      Meat Eaters sample group: Average age of 52.8 years old
      Vegatarians sample group: Avg age of 46.3 years old
      Vegans sample group: Avg age of 42.9 years old

      Meat Eaters: Avg of 5.83% of total diet energy was from alcohol (35% more than the Vegatarians and 47% more than the Vegans)
      Vegatarians: Avg of 4.3%
      Vegans: Avg of 3.96%

      Age impacts T like crazy. Just doing a quickl Google search for T levels by age, I came across two studies/books from 1996 with ranges and average T levels…

      One showed the age range of 40-44 (the Vegan avg age falls in that range) to be 597 ng/dL and the range of 50-54 (the Meat Eater avg age falls in that range) to be 546 or 9% lower than the 40-44 age range. 4 points off from 13% which the study in this article claims is due to diet.

      The second study has wider age ranges, so it isn’t as helpful, but it shows the same thing. 35-44 (Vegan avg age falls in this range) 668 ng/dL. 45-54 (Meat Eater avg age falls in this range) at 606 or again, 9% lower.

      Alcohol or other factors could make up that additional 4% which would indicate a wash. Again, eating more of an organic, Primal style diet and incorporating only grass fed (and “ethically” raised and slaughtered meat hopefully…) could actually lead to increased T levels for “meat eaters” over vegans.

      Then there is also the difference of a typical western diet meat eater which seems to have been the criteria for the study in this article and a more Paleo style meat eater, who doesn’t eat refined grains, ice cream and other sugary desserts, french fries and fast food, but eats organic grass fed meat, veggies, fruits, and some nuts and seeds.

      For what it’s worth, I personally have run the gambit on all sorts of extreme diets including raw veganism, pescatarian, super low carb, super low caloric, primal, keto and…

      I was able to raise my T from 295 ng/dL when I was 26 to 1000 ng/dL on the dot a few weeks ago at the age of 33 (it was 4 days before my 33rd birthday when the blood was drawn lol).

      1000 is over 61% higher than the average for my age range according to both of the studies I referenced above.

      And this was done from having a generally healthy lifestyle, lifting weights (I was also lifting weights when I was 295 back at age 26), and honing in my diet to get enough carbs from quinioa as the only grain, legume pasta, 4 lightly poached eggs per day, fruits and veggies, and a lot of fatty grassfed meat.

      Not that there aren’t some health benefits to veganism. Again, for what it’s worth I had some great short term results for my digestion and skin when I went raw vegan. I couldn’t last longterm though as I lost a ton of muscle mass, starting getting cavities (at least in part the fault of apple cider vinegar water and maybe a little too much acidic fruit though…) and in general I just started having less energy and focus.

      Sources for T levels by age:

      Simon, D., Nahoul, K., & Charles M.A. (1996). Sex Hormones, Aging, Ethnicity and Insulin Sensivity in Men: An Overview of the TELECOM Study. In Vermeulen, A. & Oddens, and B. J. (Eds.), Androgens and the Aging Male (pp. 85-102). New York: Parthenon Publishing.

      Vermeulen, A. (1996). Declining Androgens with Age: An Overview. In Vermeulen, A. & Oddens, & B. J. (Eds.), Androgens and the Aging Male (pp. 3-14). New York: Parthenon Publishing.

  29. Vegans had higher testosterone levels than vegetarians and meat-eaters, but this was offset by higher sex hormone binding globulin. Which makes the testosterone useless, so in other words, they have LESS testosterone!

    Please do your research.

  30. I don’t see that study distinguishing between free testosterone and bound testosterone. Can someone help me out if I am missing something? The total testosterone may be higher, but the SHBG (sex hormone binding globulin) is even higher than that. The total testosterone may be higher, but if more of it is bound by SHBG (not free) then it’s not bioavailable, so not what people are hoping for.

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